Journal of the
Korean Mathematical Society

ISSN(Print) 0304-9914 ISSN(Online) 2234-3008



J. Korean Math. Soc. 2023; 60(6): 1137-1169

Online first article October 24, 2023      Printed November 1, 2023

Copyright © The Korean Mathematical Society.

Low rank orthogonal bundles and quadric fibrations

Insong Choe, George H. Hitching

Konkuk University; Oslo Metropolitan University


Let $C$ be a curve and $V \to C$ an orthogonal vector bundle of rank $r$. For $r \le 6$, the structure of $V$ can be described using tensor, symmetric and exterior products of bundles of lower rank, essentially due to the existence of exceptional isomorphisms between $\mathrm{Spin} (r , \mathbb C)$ and other groups for these $r$. We analyze these structures in detail, and in particular use them to describe moduli spaces of orthogonal bundles. Furthermore, the locus of isotropic vectors in $V$ defines a quadric subfibration $Q_V \subset \mathbb P V$. Using familiar results on quadrics of low dimension, we exhibit isomorphisms between isotropic Quot schemes of $V$ and certain ordinary Quot schemes of line subbundles. In particular, for $r \le 6$ this gives a method for enumerating the isotropic subbundles of maximal degree of a general $V$, when there are finitely many.

Keywords: Orthogonal vector bundle, curve, quadric fibration, isotropic subbundle

MSC numbers: 14H60, 14M17

Supported by: The first named author was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea: NRF-2020R1F1A1A01068699.