Journal of the
Korean Mathematical Society
JKMS

ISSN(Print) 0304-9914 ISSN(Online) 2234-3008

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J. Korean Math. Soc. 2022; 59(3): 621-634

Published online May 1, 2022 https://doi.org/10.4134/JKMS.j210446

Copyright © The Korean Mathematical Society.

On the scaled inverse of $(x^i-x^j)$ modulo cyclotomic polynomial of the form $\Phi_{p^s}(x)$ or $\Phi_{p^s q^t}(x)$

Jung Hee Cheon, Dongwoo Kim, Duhyeong Kim, Keewoo Lee

Seoul National University; Western Digital Research; Intel Labs; Seoul National University

Abstract

The scaled inverse of a nonzero element $a(x)\in \mathbb{Z}[x]/f(x)$, where $f(x)$ is an irreducible polynomial over $\mathbb{Z}$, is the element $b(x)\in \mathbb{Z}[x]/f(x)$ such that $a(x)b(x)=c \pmod{f(x)}$ for the smallest possible positive integer scale $c$. In this paper, we investigate the scaled inverse of $(x^i-x^j)$ modulo cyclotomic polynomial of the form $\Phi_{p^s}(x)$ or $\Phi_{p^s q^t}(x)$, where $p, q$ are primes with $p

Keywords: Cyclotomic polynomial, scaled inverse, zero-knowledge proof

MSC numbers: Primary 11C08, 94A60

Supported by: This work was supported by Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd(IO201209-07883-01). This work was done while Duhyeong Kim and Dongwoo Kim were at Seoul National University.

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