Arc shift number and Region arc shift number for virtual knots
J. Korean Math. Soc. 2019 Vol. 56, No. 4, 1063-1081
https://doi.org/10.4134/JKMS.j180615
Published online July 1, 2019
Amrendra Gill, Kirandeep Kaur, Prabhakar Madeti
Indian Institute of Technology Ropar; Indian Institute of Technology Ropar; Indian Institute of Technology Ropar
Abstract : In this paper, we formulate a new local move on virtual knot diagram, called arc shift move. Further, we extend it to another local move called region arc shift defined on a region of a virtual knot diagram. We establish that these arc shift and region arc shift moves are unknotting operations by showing that any virtual knot diagram can be turned into trivial knot using arc shift (region arc shift) moves. Based upon the arc shift move and region arc shift move, we define two virtual knot invariants, arc shift number and region arc shift number respectively.
Keywords : virtual knot, Gauss diagram, forbidden moves
MSC numbers : 57M25, 57M27
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