Abstract : Let $\alpha\in(0,\infty)$, $p\in(0,\infty)$ and $q(\cdot): {{\mathbb R}}^{n}\rightarrow[1,\infty)$ satisfy the globally log-H\"{o}lder continuity condition. We introduce the weak Herz-type Hardy spaces with variable exponents via the radial grand maximal operator and to give its maximal characterizations, we establish a version of the boundedness of the Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator $M$ and the Fefferman-Stein vector-valued inequality on the weak Herz spaces with variable exponents. We also obtain the atomic and the molecular decompositions of the weak Herz-type Hardy spaces with variable exponents. As an application of the atomic decomposition we provide various equivalent characterizations of our spaces by means of the Lusin area function, the Littlewood-Paley $g$-function and the Littlewood-Paley $g^{\ast}_{\lambda}$-function.
Abstract : Let $a$ and $b$ be positive even integers. An even $[a,b]$-factor of a graph $G$ is a spanning subgraph $H$ such that for every vertex $v \in V(G)$, $d_H(v)$ is even and $a \le d_H(v) \le b$. Let $\kappa(G)$ be the minimum size of a vertex set $S$ such that $G-S$ is disconnected or one vertex, and let $\sigma_2(G)=\min_{uv \notin E(G)}(d(u)+d(v))$. In 2005, Matsuda proved an Ore-type condition for an $n$-vertex graph satisfying certain properties to guarantee the existence of an even $[2,b]$-factor. In this paper, we prove that for an even positive integer $b$ with $b \ge 6$, if $G$ is an $n$-vertex graph such that $n \ge b+5$, $\kappa(G) \ge 4$, and $\sigma_2(G) \ge \frac{8n}{b+4}$, then $G$ contains an even $[4,b]$-factor; each condition on $n$, $\kappa(G)$, and $\sigma_2(G)$ is sharp.
Abstract : The main objective of this paper is to develop a concrete inverse formula of the system induced by the fourth-order finite difference method for two-point boundary value problems with Robin boundary conditions. This inverse formula facilitates to make a fast algorithm for solving the problems. Our numerical results show the efficiency and accuracy of the proposed method, which is implemented by the Thomas algorithm.
Abstract : We study the Dirichlet problem for the degenerate nonlocal parabolic equation \[ u_{t}-a\left(\left\Vert \nabla u\right\Vert _{L^2(\Omega)}^{2}\right)\Delta u=C_b\left\Vert u\right\Vert _{L^2(\Omega)}^{\beta}\left\vert u \right\vert^{q\left(x,t\right)-2}u\log|u|+f \quad \text{in $Q_T$}, \] where $Q_{T}:=\Omega \times (0,T)$, $T>0$, $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^{N}$, $N\geq 2$, is a bounded domain with a sufficiently smooth boundary, $q(x,t)$ is a measurable function in $Q_{T}$ with values in an interval $[q^{-},q^{+}]\subset(1,\infty)$ and the diffusion coefficient $a(\cdot)$ is a continuous function defined on $\mathbb{R}_+$. It is assumed that $a(s)\to 0$ or $a(s)\to \infty$ as $s\to 0^+$, therefore the equation degenerates or becomes singular as $\|\nabla u(t)\|_{2}\to 0$. For both cases, we show that under appropriate conditions on $a$, $\beta$, $q$, $f$ the problem has a global in time strong solution which possesses the following global regularity property: $\Delta u\in L^2(Q_T)$ and $a(\left\Vert \nabla u\right\Vert _{L^2(\Omega)}^{2})\Delta u\in L^2(Q_T)$.
Abstract : In this paper, we introduce and study regular rings relative to the hereditary torsion theory $w$ (a special case of a well-centered torsion theory over a commutative ring), called $w$-regular rings. We focus mainly on the $w$-regularity for $w$-coherent rings and $w$-Noetherian rings. In particular, it is shown that the $w$-coherent $w$-regular domains are exactly the Pr\"ufer $v$-multiplication domains and that an integral domain is $w$-Noetherian and $w$-regular if and only if it is a Krull domain. We also prove the $w$-analogue of the global version of the Serre--Auslander-Buchsbaum Theorem. Among other things, we show that every $w$-Noetherian $w$-regular ring is the direct sum of a finite number of Krull domains. Finally, we obtain that the global weak $w$-projective dimension of a $w$-Noetherian ring is 0, 1, or $\infty$.
Abstract : Let $f(z)$ be a meromorphic function in several variables satisfying $$\limsup\limits_{r\rightarrow\infty}\frac{\log T(r,f)}{r}=0.$$ We mainly investigate the uniqueness problem on $f$ in $\mathbb{C}^{m}$ sharing polynomial or periodic small function with its difference polynomials from a new perspective. Our main theorems can be seen as the improvement and extension of previous results.
Abstract : Let $R$ be a commutative ring with identity and $S$ a multiplicative subset of $R$. In this paper, we introduce and study the notions of $u$-$S$-pure $u$-$S$-exact sequences and uniformly $S$-absolutely pure modules which extend the classical notions of pure exact sequences and absolutely pure modules. And then we characterize uniformly $S$-von Neumann regular rings and uniformly $S$-Noetherian rings using uniformly $S$-absolutely pure modules.
Abstract : As an analogy of the Rogers-Ramanujan continued fraction, we define a Ramanujan continued fraction of order eighteen. There are essentially three Ramanujan continued fractions of order eighteen, and we study them using the theory of modular functions. First, we prove that they are modular functions and find the relations with the Ramanujan cubic continued fraction $C(\tau)$. We can then obtain that their values are algebraic numbers. Finally, we evaluate them at some imaginary quadratic quantities.
Abstract : In this paper, we introduce the concepts of (quasi-)weakly almost periodic point and minimal center of attraction for $\mathbb{Z}^d_+$-actions, explore the connections of levels of the topological structure the orbits of (quasi-)weakly almost periodic points and discuss the relations between (quasi-)weakly almost periodic point and minimal center of attraction. Especially, we investigate the chaotic dynamics near or inside the minimal center of attraction of a point in the cases of $S$-generic setting and non $S$-generic setting, respectively. Actually, we show that weakly almost periodic points and quasi-weakly almost periodic points have distinct topological structures of the orbits and we prove that if the minimal center of attraction of a point is non $S$-generic, then there exist certain Li-Yorke chaotic properties inside the involved minimal center of attraction and sensitivity near the involved minimal center of attraction; if the minimal center of attraction of a point is $S$-generic, then there exist stronger Li-Yorke chaotic (Auslander-Yorke chaotic) dynamics and sensitivity ($\aleph_0$-sensitivity) in the involved minimal center of attraction.
Abstract : In this paper, we investigate the portfolio optimization problem under the SVCEV model, which is a hybrid model of constant elasticity of variance (CEV) and stochastic volatility, by taking into account of minimum-entropy robustness. The Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) equation is derived and the first two orders of optimal strategies are obtained by utilizing an asymptotic approximation approach. We also derive the first two orders of practical optimal strategies by knowing that the underlying Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process is not observable. Finally, we conduct numerical experiments and sensitivity analysis on the leading optimal strategy and the first correction term with respect to various values of the model parameters.
Benjamín A. Itzá-Ortiz, Rubén A. Martínez-Avendaño
J. Korean Math. Soc. 2022; 59(5): 997-1013
https://doi.org/10.4134/JKMS.j220108
Kitae Kim, Hyang-Sook Lee, Seongan Lim, Jeongeun Park, Ikkwon Yie
J. Korean Math. Soc. 2022; 59(6): 1047-1065
https://doi.org/10.4134/JKMS.j210496
Hyungryul Baik, Sebastian Hensel, Chenxi Wu
J. Korean Math. Soc. 2022; 59(4): 699-715
https://doi.org/10.4134/JKMS.j210535
Jaewook Ahn, Myeonghyeon Kim
J. Korean Math. Soc. 2023; 60(3): 619-634
https://doi.org/10.4134/JKMS.j220424
Benjamín A. Itzá-Ortiz, Rubén A. Martínez-Avendaño
J. Korean Math. Soc. 2022; 59(5): 997-1013
https://doi.org/10.4134/JKMS.j220108
Xing Yu Song, Ling Wu
J. Korean Math. Soc. 2023; 60(5): 1023-1041
https://doi.org/10.4134/JKMS.j220589
Hojoo Lee
J. Korean Math. Soc. 2023; 60(1): 71-90
https://doi.org/10.4134/JKMS.j220095
Shuchao Li, Wanting Sun, Wei Wei
J. Korean Math. Soc. 2023; 60(5): 959-986
https://doi.org/10.4134/JKMS.j220341
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